How to Get More from Life- Scott H Young

最近因为看到豆瓣上有人分享叫Scott Young的88年小伙儿的经历,看到他的博客介绍:I'm a writer, programmer, traveler and avid reader of interesting things. For the last eight years I've been experimenting to find out how to get more from life. I don't promise I have all the answers, just a place to start.以及他想要 learn everything的梦想让我对他的博客产生了兴趣, Scott Young从 18 岁开始写自己的博客。把自己的学习经历记录下来,与读者分享自己的学习体会,现在Scott的博客已经有将近 900 篇文章,围绕 'How to get more from life' ,涵盖了从productivity, learning, fitness, habits, the meaning of life等多个主题。

总结下他在一些领域的建议:

(一)Habit习惯
Scott指出的方法:首先,确定要改变的主题,比如每天跳绳100下,持续坚持三十天(或更长),随着行为不断重复,直到行为变成自动化,形成习惯。即’ set it and forget it'
我近期再执行或者想要形成的习惯有:
-每天看专利至少1小时
-每天记录To do list, 然后定期check
-每周做一次甜品
-每两周参加一次toaster master
-每两周游泳一次
-每周一制定计划,下周一review完成情况

(二)Learning学习
1.学什么?
你可以选择专而精(reading exclusively about one subject) 的模式也可以选择广而博 (read about everything)的阅读模式,可以根据你的学习目的,选择精读或者速读。Scott每年坚持读书30-70本,他的学习模式是T字型,‘My personal approach is the “T” model. You want deep focus in onearea, with minor focus in other areas. So, while I might practice a new skillsay, tango dancing or Ruby programming, if it isn’t in my deep focus, I won’t worry about mastering it. Having some basic competence will beenough to spur new creative connections.’
2.怎么学?-‘Holistic learning’(我认为可以翻译成联想记忆法)
Holistic learning is basically the opposite of rote memorization. Instead of trying to pound information into your brain with the hopes it will simply fall
out when you need it, holistic learning is the process of weaving the knowledge you are learning into everything you already understand.
3.具体如何实践?
1) Metaphors-Metaphor is a literary term used when you want to relate two things that aren’t actually related. A quick way to start would be to play the, ‘That Reminds Me Of...’ game whenever you learn something new. You play the game by thinking or writing down a list of ideas that this new concept reminds you of. It doesn’t matter if the ideas are ridiculous or completely unrelated. That’s the point, to link together ideas that don't normally connect.
我的理解是将你新学到的东西比喻为你已知的东西,比如你很懂体育的一些规则,你可以将体育的一些规律/规则用来比喻经济学上的一些规律。
2) Visualization-The best visceralizations are combinations of images, sounds, feelings and textures.
将你学的东西想象成一幅图/声音/感觉/质感,让抽象的概念变得可触摸。
3) Diagrams-Draw pictures showing the relationships between ideas.
将各个知识点/想法的关系用画图的方式表示出来。
我的感想:我觉得我比较擅长死记硬背,虽然以前数理化都学的很不错,但是空间想象能力实在很有限,现在每次看机械方面的专利附图,都觉得很头大,想象不出主视图左视图等各种视图和截面图的关系,也许这种空间想象力和学习联想能力限制了我的学习能力,总感觉自己的知识点分散,没有形成一个自己的知识体系和知识点网络关系。我觉得小神爸爸在这方面做的比我好太多,看他自己的记录本上有各种关系图和绘图。小神爸爸在这里分享一下?

(三)Productivity高效工作
Scott推荐的一些高效工作的辅助工具:
1) Weekly/daily goals. One list for the day’s goals. Another for the week. No additions once the list is made, work until it’s finished. Simple, beautiful, effective.
2) Calendar. For tracking scheduled events (Google Calendar works great.)
3) Time logging. Every 6-12 months I like to run a time log, recording everything I spend time on. The results often help me eliminate the biggest drains on my time that don’t pay themselves back.
关于Time logging的文章我看到过不少了,改天可以总结下。真不忍心记录自己的Time log啊...都浪费在没有value的事情上了。
4) Weekly review. Once a week, I write not only my goals for the next week, but also my thoughts on how to overcome problems I’m facing in work and live. Solution brainstorming can make even terrifying problems feel actionable.
You don’t need a lot of tools to be effective, you just need to find the right tools and make them work for you.

(四)其它
1.Motivation自我激励:
It’s actually ridiculously easy. If you want to motivate yourself, spend 30-60 minutes brainstorming what you want from life and the action steps you need to take immediately to get there. If you aren’t motivated after a half-hour, you’ve done it wrong.
简言之,就是列出梦想/欲望清单,以此激励自己,然后写下如何实现的步骤。
2.Confidence增强自信
I feel confident when I’m giving a presentation. Not because I told myself I’d do well. Or because I triggered an emotional state. But because I’ve given hundreds of presentations, been the president of a Toastmasters club, pitched to venture capitalists. You can overcome your fears and flaws by gaining experience. Figure
out what the next step outside your comfort zone is and take it. Then take the next one, and the one following that. Be terrified enough to take action, but not so much that you never leave the couch.
迈出舒适区,去体验去拓展,从小的成功中汲取能量,才能克服恐惧增强信心。
3.其它关于健身/how to be more social的建议,由于我个人还没太多这方面的需求,就先不总结了。

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